Flight Simulator Types

A simulation is an imitation of some real thing, state of affairs, or process.

Simulation is used in civilian and military personnel training. Generally, it is used when it is too expensive or dangerous for trainees to use the real equipment. This enables them to learn valuable lessons in a secure (virtual) environment while giving them the leeway to make mistakes during training for a safety-critical system. mistakes during training for a safety-critical system.

Training simulations exist in one of three categories:

  1. Live simulation: Where real people use simulated or dummy equipment in the real world.
  2. Virtual simulation: Where real people use simulated equipment in a simulated world or virtual environment.
  3. Constructive simulation: Where simulated people use simulated equipment in a simulated environment.

Mentioned below are the various simulators available for all industry verticals:

  • Medical Simulators
  • City Simulators/Urban Simulators
  • Flight Simulators
  • Home-built Flight Simulators
  • Simulation and Games
  • Engineering Simulation/Process Simulation
  • Computer Simulation
  • Simulation in Computer Science
  • Simulation in Education

Flight Simulators

In fact in a simulator, pilots can be trained to face situations that they ordinarily cannot carry out safely while training in a real aircraft. The situations could vary from loss of flight surfaces to complete power loss. Aircrafts today are technologically very superior computer-based devices which require a highly technical and piloting skills in order to operate them to optimum efficiently.

System trainers teach pilots the intricacies of operating aircraft systems. Normally they are not used for flight or emergency procedure training. These fixed base devices are replicas of the aircraft and are used to train flight crews in normal and emergency procedures. They simulate the atmospheric environment in which the aircraft will fly, as well as wind, temperature and turbulence. Besides this, these simulators can also imitate the numerous sounds produced by the aircraft such as engine, landing gear and other sounds while some may also be equipped with visual systems. The only thing they cannot simulate however is motion.

A full motion simulator (also known as a full-flight simulator) is designed to replicate the various characteristics of an aircraft and its surrounding environment, including the basic movements of the aircraft. Such simulators are designed to create jolts that are experienced as turbulence, so that the occupants in the simulator must wear seat belts as they do in the real aircraft. Naturally, the movement of any simulator is restricted than in a real aircraft, mainly because the motion system cannot quite duplicate the exact movement and attitude of the aircraft. It does however give motion cues to the pilot, which in turn has the effect of deceiving the senses to make the pilot feel like he is flying. So that this may done in the right manner knowledge of the human sense organs, particularly of the vestibular system, is a necessity. Flight simulation therefore is a very knowledge intensive area.